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What are the effects of Gen­der Based Vio­lence

a) Phys­i­cal effects

 This includes pain, con­tract­ing of STI’s and HIV in cases where the assailant is infected, muti­lated gen­i­talia, unin­tended preg­nancy, abor­tion or infan­ti­cide, unwanted chil­dren, and even death.

b) Psy­cho­log­i­cal effects

Psy­cho­log­i­cal trauma is also known to result from GBV and this range from paral­y­sis and ter­ror to emo­tional pain; sense of denial, depres­sion, men­tal dis­or­der, and some­times sui­cide. The vic­tim can also expe­ri­ence night­mares and be haunted by fears and feel­ings of shame or guilt.

 c) Social effects

Social costs to sur­vivors of GBV include rejec­tion, stigma­ti­za­tion, fur­ther sex­ual exploita­tion and severe pun­ish­ment. The devel­op­ment and well­be­ing of chil­dren and fam­i­lies is also affected. Boys who wit­ness bat­tery are likely to be of vio­lent dis­po­si­tion while girls grow into vic­tims. GBV inhibits girl’s access to school­ing, may result in poor per­for­mance at school and deprives soci­ety of the full par­tic­i­pa­tion of women in devel­op­ment. Most researches con­firm that;

“Early sex­ual vic­tim­iza­tion may leave women less skilled in pro­tect­ing them­selves, less sure of their worth and their per­sonal bound­aries, and more apt to accept vic­tim­iza­tion as part of being female hence increas­ing chances of future vic­tim­iza­tion like bat­tery, rape, domes­tic vio­lence, high risk behav­iour in ado­les­cence and adult­hood like unpro­tected sex with mul­ti­ple part­ners, alcohol/​substance abuse, teen preg­nancy and pros­ti­tu­tion among oth­ers.”

d) Eco­nomic effects

Vic­tims bear enor­mous finan­cial costs in access­ing jus­tice and health ser­vices. Orga­ni­za­tions also bear costs when they com­mit resources to pro­vi­sions of legal and health ser­vices to sur­vivors.

 Vio­lence against women and girls is a global scourge that affects the health and eco­nomic sta­bil­ity of women, their fam­i­lies and their com­mu­ni­ties. Women who are vic­tims of vio­lence are often unable/​afraid to seek health and other forms of care, such that the vio­lence in their lives can not only have long stand­ing phys­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal effects for the sur­vivors, it can also under­mine national devel­op­ment because it hand­i­caps women’s abil­ity to par­tic­i­pate in the social and eco­nomic life of their com­mu­ni­ties. Gen­der based vio­lence also serves to per­pet­u­ate male power and con­trol. It is sus­tained by a cul­ture of silence and denial of the seri­ous­ness of the myr­iad con­se­quence of abuse.

 GBV vio­lates sev­eral rec­og­nized human rights such as the right to life, free­dom from tor­ture, equal pro­tec­tion before the law, lib­erty and secu­rity of per­son, the high­est attain­able stan­dard of phys­i­cal and men­tal health, and the right to be heard. It also vio­lates women’s right to con­trol their sexuality.